What Causes High Blood Pressure?

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

High Blood Pressure is also known as Hypertension. It is a serious health condition that affects at least one out of three adults in the United States. It is even more serious because it hardly ever gives a warning sign or symptoms, thereby making it difficult for people who are affected to know until it is too late. In some cases, it leads to sudden death.

High Blood Pressure can however be managed or prevented but to do so, it is important to understand what high blood pressure really is, and what causes high blood pressure.

 

What Causes High Blood Pressure

What is High Blood Pressure?

High Blood Pressure is when the force of blood pushing the artery walls is increased and as a result, causes the heart to work harder than it really should. The heart is responsible for pumping blood into the arteries, from where it is circulated throughout the whole body.

But when a person suffers from high blood pressure, the heart has to work harder to circulate blood and this may eventually lead to other problems like hardening of the arteries or heart failure.

How to Detect High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure (Hypertension) is usually referred to as a silent killer. This is because of its lack of symptoms unlike other health problems where there are usually several tell-tale signs to help patients detect or suspect that there might be a problem somewhere. Patients with high blood pressure hardly know that they are suffering from the disease until it becomes too late.

However, you can prevent sudden death caused by hypertension through early detection and constant monitoring. A regular blood pressure reading can help you detect high blood pressure early.

A Blood pressure reading would usually contain two numbers, a numerator and a denominator. The numerator (the top number) is known as the Systolic, while the denominator (the bottom number) is known as the Diastolic.

A person with a blood pressure reading of 120/80 can be said to have a normal pressure while a blood pressure reading of between 120-130 /80-89 indicates that the person is in a pre-hypertensive stage and may eventually suffer from hypertension if serious measures are not immediately taken. Any blood pressure reading above that may be an indication that a person is suffering from Hypertension.

However, for older people a blood pressure reading of over 140/90 indicates high blood pressure.

It is advisable to visit your doctor regularly for a blood pressure reading to ensure early detection, prevention and management of high blood pressure.

What Causes High Blood Pressure?

  1. Primary Hypertension: This is also called essential hypertension. This type of hypertension has no specific, identifiable cause and is sometimes said to be caused by environmental, genetics and age factors. Majority of people who suffer from hypertension suffer from this type of hypertension.
  2. Secondary Hypertension: Secondary hypertension is usually caused by another medical condition which the patient may already be suffering from. For instance, some women develop secondary hypertension during pregnancy. Secondary hypertension would usually go away when the underlying condition is treated.

Other causes of hypertension include:

  • Alcohol Abuse: Excessive drinking of alcohol can raise the blood pressure to unhealthy levels overtime and cause hypertension. The calories in alcohol can also lead to excessive weight gain, which is another common cause of hypertension.
  • Illegal Drugs: Some illegal drugs like Cocaine, Amphetamines and Acetaminophen can also affect the blood pressure.
  • Medications: Taking of some medications such as anti-depressants, caffeine, birth control pills, migraine medications, anti-inflammatory drugs and nasal decongestants can also increase blood pressure.
  • Birth Defects: Sometimes, a person may suffer from high blood pressure due to defects in their blood vessels. This type of hypertension is can be traced to a person’s genes.
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Another major cause of secondary hypertension is a health condition known as Obstructive Sleep Apnea. It is a sleeping disorder that causes shortness/cessation of breath during sleep.
  • Obesity: Being Overweight or Obese can also cause a person to develop Hypertension. Excess fat in the body would require extra oxygen and nutrients and since it is the heart’s job to supply these nutrients, it has to overwork itself to achieve this, thereby leading to increase in blood pressure.
  • Poor Diet: High Blood Pressure may also be caused by a poor diet. When a person consumes too much sodium, caffeinated drinks or fatty foods, there are risks of developing high blood pressure.
  • Sedentary Lifestyle: Another major cause of high blood pressure is living a sedentary lifestyle characterized by low levels of physical activity or no physical activities at all.
  • Age: A person may also develop hypertension as they age. The risks of a person developing hypertension would actually increase as they grow older.
  • Smoking: People who smoke are also at a risk of developing high blood pressure. The nicotine contents in cigarettes may cause the arteries to become narrow and hardened. This stresses the heart out and eventually leads to hypertension.
  • Vitamin Deficiencies: Vitamin D deficiency is yet another factor that may lead to hypertension. Researchers have discovered that people with lower levels of Vitamin D are at a higher risk of developing hypertension.

Chronic Kidney diseases as well as thyroid and adrenal problems may also cause hypertension.

How to Control Hypertension without Drugs

Hypertension can be controlled or even cured by taking some measures to reduce the causative factors. Some of the steps that you can take in order to cure hypertension without necessarily taking medications include:

  1. Lose Weight: If you are overweight or obese, shedding a few pounds might go a very long way in helping you cure high blood pressure.
  2. Increase Physical Activity: One of the major causes of high blood pressure is living a sedentary lifestyle therefore increasing your levels of physical activity can go a long way in decreasing your blood pressure. You should make it a goal to try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise daily.
  3. Improve on Your diet: Another step to take is to improve on your eating habits. Focus on eating foods that are high in fibre, vegetables and potassium and avoid foods that have high cholesterol or sodium levels.
  4. Reduce Consumption of Alcohol: Excessive consumption of alcohol also has negative impact on your blood pressure therefore you should try to reduce or completely avoid consumption of alcohol.
  5. Quit Smoking: Lastly, if you are a smoker, you should try to quit your smoking habits to avoid ingestion of high amounts of nicotine, which affects the arteries and causes hypertension.

 

63 Comments

  1. Great post, Actually i don’t no Blood Pressure but this post is inspired to me…thanks for sharing such a lovely post..about that, So many people don’t not what is BP; how to control it.thank you for sharing…

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  2. Is hypertension curable?

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    • It just the beginning of the pressure,controlling the diet can lift off the hypertension .Not to mention that at least 3 time exercise a week also help as blood pressure also come from high cholestrol intake

      Reply
  3. thanx for shraing gud info….its very imortant article for every man bcoz its common today every man facing this problem High Blood Pressure. but it helps to control for High Blood Pressure , if all follow this article

    Reply
    • Thanks for information.

      Reply
  4. Hi Chris,

    Great overview and easy to understand. Thanks for sharing. I’ll be forwarding this to my boyfriend who is on HTN meds. I’ll continue to check out your articles. Sally

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    • wow good joining with you ok

      Reply
  5. so interesting and educating. I all inform my father.

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  6. wow! Dis is a very gud article,it really increase my knowledge;thanks may Allah bless you

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  7. thank you for d enlightmnt F.

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  8. This article really improved my health status. I will like to be getting more of this and others. Thanks a lot

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  9. This article is very educative to the young,mid age,and the elderly. keep it up.

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  10. Iam really impressed and Pleased with this article.May you remain blessed for unfolding this educative information that mostly affect majority now a days.

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  11. Good information to the public.

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  12. Thanks for the information,now i no the causes of BP n way to go to reduce it.thanks for this piece of infor n God bless

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  13. Practical information to follow for precaution.

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  14. Honestly,i benefited immensely by reading this article.It is very enriching,and would serve as a guide in preventing high blood pressure to millions who care to take hid.God bless.

    Reply
  15. I thank God for you because He made it possible for you to say this so as to avoid more death on people suffering of HBP even doctor said my mother died of it.

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  16. vey insightful

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  17. I thank God for you on the enlightenment. knowingly or unknowingly it has cause many of their dear lives. I want plead, people shld take everything easy indeed easy and wait on the Lord. Thanks..

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  18. Very Useful information which will guide both the young and the aged. Educate us the more. God Bless you.

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  19. yes,this is great and we all live and go by it

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  20. Very important

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  21. thanks for ur educative presentation. I like to add dat cayenne pepper is a nature product dat normalises high blood pressure within a short time.

    Reply
  22. My blood pressure started climbing three years ago, it went from 130/80 upto 190/150. I now take Exforge (5 mg amlodipine / 160 mg Valsartan) daily which has brought my BP down to 70/110.
    When I was first told I had high blood pressure, I changed to a healthier diet, I quit smoking, I seriously cut down on my drinking and I exercised more, and after 8 months my BP was still going up. No choice but to take medication. I assume I’m genetically predisposed to high BP.
    Good news is I no longer have migraines.

    Reply
  23. This post is highly educative. it will go a long way to improve my health status. Please, I need more of those educative material on health. Thanks.

    Reply
  24. I’m highly impressed of the whole education.please post more educational articles

    Reply
  25. Good overview and simple to understand. it really enlighten me more on what high blood pressure is really about. It’s very educative. Thanks. i will pass it on to others.

    Reply
  26. Thanks for this teaching seminar.I quit all my bad behavior.

    Reply
  27. Your article is indeed very informative. Everyone should be aware of general health problems like this.

    Reply
  28. Thank you for this valuable information about this silent-killer desease. You are going to save many people who hitherto did not know how dangerous this desease is. God bless you

    Reply
  29. God bless u

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  30. good work and highly understandable…@chris thanks more power to ur elbow…

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  31. Now i know. After reading thru what Chris said in his teachings and advice,i have frm today stopped smoking n drinking. I shall keep exercising twice weekly.

    Reply
  32. Thanks very match about educating us on high blood pre i think we will take note of dat may God bless o

    Reply
  33. good article. should have mentioned about certain useful plants,vegetable and fruit names as well.

    Reply
  34. I think I have learnt something good from your site.

    Reply
  35. it nice talking to us on hyper.

    Reply
  36. Nice post! More grease to your elbow… more of this pleaseeee….

    Reply
  37. Thanks very much for this info on cause and what to do about HBp. I am blessed from it and will many others know about it as wee. Quit educative . Wants to know more.

    Reply
  38. Keep coming with more articles on health issues very important for us

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  39. This ‘re what people should post on the air, not some evil sexual tips that have ruin many families. May i be among your friends on the air, Chris. Big-up.

    Reply
  40. very notable and educative. may Allah reward you for that. thanks

    Reply
  41. For anyone having High Blood Pressure, l recommend Tasly Dansheen Pill. It is natural herbal with no side effect

    Reply
  42. I developed high blood pressure back in 2007. My dr started me on meds which didn’t help much. Then he sent me for tests to ck the arteries to my kidneys. Turns out they were almost fully blocked! Had an angioplasty and my BP went to normal immediately…amazing. It’s normal to this day. So sometimes there is a physical reason for it. I love my doctor!

    Reply
  43. Appreciate someone who deserve it.Y
    ou really try for elite people. May Allah increase your elbow.

    Reply
  44. Nice post, more will be appreciated

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  45. oh! this is great I immensely thank you for having a heart to post a tremendous article like this.I’m enormously blessed more grace to your elbow.

    Reply
  46. a very informative piece of write up for all of us to use, keep on the good work. may our good lord bless you abundantly

    Reply
  47. even me from Uganda can know the space science of High Blood Pressure? its great next time also teach us on the possible causes of stress.

    thank you all.

    Reply
  48. God bless you Chris.I am really impress with this article,I will always joint your articl

    Reply
  49. That is wonderful piece.this is one of the best article I have ever read on HBP if not the best.More Fila.Blessed

    Reply
  50. Thanks a lot for this informative article

    Reply
  51. i’am very hapy with this page

    Reply
  52. Very important and insightful
    We must continue reading more about our healthcare. Please kindly continues with more so we in Africa and elsewhere can also benefit from it.

    Reply
  53. very important and educative, this is the sort of educative materials that we want to reading on the net,keep it up sweetie.looking forward to read more insightful piece from you soon. my regards.

    Reply
  54. ALHASSAN SULEMANA THANKS VERY MUCH FOR YOUR EDUCATIVE PROGRAMME ON HIGH AND LOW PRESSURE.

    Reply
  55. Really very useful information. Many thanks.

    Reply
  56. Cool post. Also add that they need a full medical at least once a year ESP over 50 years old. If they can afford a home sphygmomanometer weekly check and daily if hypertensive

    Reply
  57. Thank you, this is really something I want know

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  58. The literature is so helpful.

    Reply
  59. Very good article. A few years ago my bloodpressure went trough the roof when I was behind the weel of my truck with a 25 ton cargo in the trailer and I almost suffered a blackout in heavy traffic. No need to say what could have happened. All the issues mentioned are a factor in a truckers life. Not enough exercise, sitting all day, eating junkfood, lots of pressure to be there on time and at the end of the day have a quick “dinner” a few beers and to bed. Now a days I have the right medication and all is oke but not everybody will be so lucky as I was/am. This information together with livesaving
    skills like cpr should be a “must” for every adult. Thank you very much for this great peace of work.

    Reply

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