What Causes Diarrhea?

What Causes Diarrhea?

Types of Diarrhea

There are two major types of diarrhea;

  • Chronic Diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is so serious that it sometimes leads to death. It lasts for a long term and is mostly common amongst children living in developing countries. It may also be accompanied by other symptoms such as stomach ache and fever.
  • Acute Diarrhea: Acute diarrhea may also be fatal but it doesn’t last for a long period like chronic diarrhea.

Diarrhea may also be further categorized into the five other types:

  • Osmotic Diarrhea: This happens when the bowels absorb too much water due to the use of laxatives, magnesium or vitamin C. It may also be caused by undigested lactose or fructose or some other diseases like pancreatic diseases or celiac disease.
  • Dysentery: Dysentery occurs when there is excess release of water from the posterior pituary gland, caused by an anti-diuretic hormone. Patients suffering from dysentery would usually notice a presence of blood in their stool.
  • Secretory Diarrhea: This occurs when there is an excessive secretion of fluid from the guts or when the guts cannot absorb fluids properly. Secretory diarrhea is mostly caused by vibrio cholero, a cholera causing bacterium.
  • MotilityRelated Diarrhea: Motility-related diarrhea or hyper motility occurs when ingested food moves too quickly from the intestines such that it is unable to properly absorb water and nutrients properly. People who have had Vagotomy are more susceptible to this type of diarrhea.
  • Inflammatory Diarrhea: This type of diarrhea is caused by infections that affect the lining of the gut. This may be parasitic, viral or bacterial infections. It may also be caused by some other diseases like colon cancer, inflammatory bowel diseases, enteritis or tuberculosis.

Click on the arrow below to read about symptoms of diarrhea

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